Tag: Exacerbations

Prehospital NIV for AECOPD and acute cardiopulmonary oedema

Observational German study (N=545) finds a reduction of mechanical ventilation time and intensive care stay length with prehospital NIV versus endotracheal intubation for acute respiratory insufficien...
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High Flow Nasal Cannula Use in COPD Patients with Exacerbations

Lit review finds high-flow nasal cannula should be preferred to conventional O2 therapy in COPD exacerbation without respiratory acidosis and at NIV breaks and weaning, and as a 2L option in respirato...
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An electronic phenotyping algorithm for patients with ARF

Algorithm characterizes patients with acute respiratory failure into 7 phenotypes by type of respiratory support. Non-invasive positive-pressure ventilation was more common versus high-flow nasal o2 a...
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Home humidified HFT following severe exacerbation of COPD

Study to determine the feasibility of a Phase 3 RCT of home HFT to improve clinical, patient-reported & physiological outcomes following severe AECOPD. Exploratory results on neural respiratory drive ...
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Apnea-Hypopnea Index in COPD Exacerbation Requiring NIV with AVAPS

Single-centre prospective study (N=30) finds AHI >5 (vs <5) associated with longer hospital stay, mechanical ventilation & higher percentage of intubation in patients with acute hypercapnic respirator...
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Oxygen saturation variability analysis to detect exacerbations

Peripheral O2 saturation to predict COPD exacerbation. Proof of concept study (N=11) analysed stable vs 1 night prior to AECOPD pulse oximetry data. SpO2 entropy increase and Sp02 fluctuation during A...
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Effectiveness of Telemonitoring for Asthma and COPD

Review of 13 studies shows COPD telemonitoring is effective versus usual care. Telemonitoring may reduce hospitalizations, clinical visits & exacerbations & improve quality of life. Including an educa...
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Predictors of 30- and 90-Day COPD Exacerbation Readmission

Predicting COPD exacerbation readmission. New study (N=82) shows 56% of patients were readmitted within 90 days. Several factors were associated with readmission risk; PIFR at discharge was the best p...
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Effectiveness of telemonitoring for reducing exacerbation occurrence in COPD patients with past exacerbation history

Meta-analysis of 17 studies finds that in patients with COPD acute exacerbation (AECOPD) history, telemonitoring reduces emergency room visits, AECOPD-related readmissions, AECOPD-related hospital day...
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