Tag: Non-invasive ventilation

Ventilator Model & Efficacy of High-Intensity Ventilation in COPD

In patients with stable COPD, ventilators with good pressurisation capacity in a bench test (Stellar 150, Astral 150, Vivo 50, Trilogy 202) led to better muscle unloading versus poorer performing vent...
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Impact of HFNC vs NIV in patients with hypixaemic ARF

Acute respiratory failure: NIV vs high-flow O2 (HFNC). Randomized crossover study (N=16) compared the physiological effects of oxygenation techniques. Results suggest a similar potential alveolar recr...
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Apnea-Hypopnea Index in COPD Exacerbation Requiring NIV with AVAPS

Single-centre prospective study (N=30) finds AHI >5 (vs <5) associated with longer hospital stay, mechanical ventilation & higher percentage of intubation in patients with acute hypercapnic respirator...
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Cost-effeciveness of Home NIV in COPD

Analysis of UK records finds home noninvasive ventilation is likely cost-effective in patients previously hospitalised for a COPD exacerbation at a threshold of £20000 per QALY. Cost-effectiveness in...
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Assistive technologies for home NIV in patients with COPD

Retrospective analysis of patients with COPD & hypercapnia finds home noninvasive ventilation with remote monitoring & iVAPS-autoEPAP prolonged time to readmission/death vs no home NIV (median 160 day...
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Living conditions and autonomy levels in COPD patients receiving NIV: impact on health related quality of life

How does autonomy impairment in COPD patients receiving NIV impact health-related QoL? New observational study (N=137) shows that nearly half of patients receiving NIV had autonomy impairment & HR-QoL...
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Noninvasive Ventilation at Home Reduces Mortality in COPD With CRF

Retrospective Medicare claims analysis shows that home non-invasive ventilation (HNIV) in COPD & chronic respiratory failure patients (n=410) leads to significant reduction in hospitalisations and eme...
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Current practices in home mechanical ventilation for COPD

Patients were highly compliant with home mechanical ventilation. There seems to be a move towards higher ventilation pressures, increased use of oronasal #masks and an intent to obtain normocapnia.
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Auto-titrating versus fixed-EPAP iVAPS ventilation

What's the impact of auto-titrating vs fixed-EPAP in COPD pts with hypercapnic respiratory failure? In this RCT (n=50), auto-titration significantly lowered PaCO2, reduced leaks, increased tidal volum...
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